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When a storm threatens, what should you do? Hurricane preparedness is merely a matter of planning ahead. Hurricane threats come in many forms, including storm surge, high winds, tornadoes, and flooding.

Helpful Links

Standby Generators - from whole house to portable generators
Emergency Supplies - supplies you could need in a hurricane
Hurricane Shutters - shutters to protect your home
Hurricane Lamps - hurricane lamps

Before the Hurricane Season Begins

Develop a plan. Know your homes vulnerability to the threats above - surge, wind, and flooding. Check your supplies - water, batteries, food. For information on developing a Hurricane Supply kit, see our page on that topic. Know where you can evacuate to - friends, relatives, a hotel?

Know when to take action - Watch vs Warning

WATCH: Hurricane conditions are possible in the specified area of the WATCH, usually within 36 hours.
WARNING: Hurricane conditions are expected in the specified area of the WARNING, usually within 24 hours. Remember that there is no such thing as a "minor hurricane." Category 1 and 2 hurricanes still can do significant damage.

Prepare before a Watch or Warning is issued and be ready to evacuate when the Watch comes or earlier if so instructed.

An Approaching Storm

As a storm approaches, you should prepare your house and your yard. Some things to consider:

  • Turn down the temperature on your freezer and refrigerator as low as possible. This will buy you more time in the event of a power loss. 24 to 48 hours before will cool the food. Avoid opening them whenever possible. If you are evacuating, probably unnecessary.
  • Before you evacuate, call at least one person out of state to let them know your plans.
  • Ensure that your Hurricane Emergency Kit is fully stocked.
  • Charge electronic devices, for example, computers, cell phones, rechargeable batteries, razors, and the like.
  • Make extra ice, bag it - this will be useful to use and to keep the freezer cold.
  • Do the same with your home air conditioner. It gets very hot and very humid very quickly. If you are evacuating, this is not necessary.
  • If you have a generator, do NOT run it inside or near the house. But make sure you have fuel to run it.
  • Make sure your car has fuel.
  • Pick up yard debris - furniture, tools, decorative items, branches - anything loose that could become a missile. We have placed furniture in the pool upon occasion.
  • Secure boats, trailers, campers, RVs, and the like in the safest place you can find. Tie them down, anchor them, or however you can best secure them. But, take into account that there may be a storm surge.
  • Secure all doors and windows with locks, and shutters if available. Plywood, properly secured, can be effective. Don't forget your garage doors.
  • Move items that may be damaged by water to higher areas of your home if you can not take them with you if evacuating. Move them away from windows in case they are broken.
  • Huge items must even be secured in big storms. An engine block was found 40 or 50 feet up in a pine tree in the Homestead (actually Redlands) area after Andrew. Don't think that something is too big to be moved by the wind.
  • Re-check tie-downs.
  • Bring cars, bikes, scooters and anything like that into your garage if possible.
  • Bring in grills or other cooking items.
  • Bring in hoses, trash cans, hot tub covers, wind-chimes, plants.
  • Caulk and fill bathtubs - extra water comes in handy for toilets and more..
  • It may sound strange, but do your laundry, dishes, and take a shower. Why? Because if you lose power, having as much clean as possible will make a big difference.
  • Check if your pool pump should be on or off.
  • Close and fasten gates so they don't swing.
  • Close chimney flues.
  • Close/latch inside doors and cabinets.

     

    If you have time, help your neighbors. Debris in their yards can easily impact your home and yard.

    During a storm.


  • Stay inside, away from windows
  • Be alert for tornadoes
  • Stay away from flood waters and storm surge. It can be deceptively strong.
  • Be aware of the eye. It may be calm, but winds can and will pick up quickly and could catch you outside.
  • Un-plug electronic devices that are not in use to avoid surge damage. This is less likely that during afternoon thunderstorms because lightening is rare in a hurricane, but it is better to be safe.
  • After a Storm

  • Know power safety - avoid downed lines
  • Know food safety - what is good and for how long.
  • Chain saw safety is critical
  • Generator safety is important too
  • Water treatment - whether water needs to be boiled or not.
  • Listen to local officials
  • Use flashlights instead of candles
  • Inspect your home for damage.
  • Stay off roads as much as possible
  • You may need to super-chlorinate your pool
  • Boat Prep

    1. Move life jackets and first aid kits to house
    2. Remove cushions and lose items (e.g. boat tops) and move to garage
    3. Anchor hatch covers
    4. Move to maximum davit height, fasten cables
    5. Unplug davits/lifts
    6. Turn off outside electricity to davits
    7. For our Boston Whaler: put in main plug on boat (take out other plugs)
    8. Tighten down davit locks
    9. Tie down boat with dock lines

    Hurricane & Tropical Storm

    Advisory


    NHC Atlantic

    Active tropical cyclones in the Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico

    Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook-
    000
    ABNT20 KNHC 220150
    TWOAT

    SPECIAL TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
    950 PM EDT TUE OCT 21 2014

    For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

    Special outlook to update discussion on low pressure area over the
    Bay of Campeche

    Updated: Satellite and radar data indicate that showers and
    thunderstorms associated with the well-defined low in the southern
    Bay of Campeche have increased and become better organized during
    the past hour or two. If the current development trend continues,
    tropical cyclone advisories will be initiated later this evening
    or overnight. Interests in Mexican state of Campeche and elsewhere
    in the Yucatan Peninsula should monitor the progress of this system
    as tropical storm warnings could need to be issued on short notice.
    * Formation chance through 48 hours...high...70 percent.
    * Formation chance through 5 days...high...70 percent.

    A large non-tropical low located over the far eastern Atlantic
    Ocean, a few hundred miles south of the Azores, is producing
    disorganized thunderstorms and winds to gale force. This system
    could still acquire some subtropical characteristics during the next
    day or so while it moves westward to west-southwestward at 10 to 15
    mph. Upper-level winds are forecast to become less conducive for
    subtropical or tropical cyclone formation by Wednesday night
    and development after that time is not likely. Additional
    information on this system can be found in High Seas Forecasts
    issued by Meteo France.
    * Formation chance through 48 hours...low...10 percent.
    * Formation chance through 5 days...low...10 percent.

    &&

    High Seas Forecasts issued by Meteo France can be found under WMO
    header FQNT50 LFPW.

    $$
    Forecaster Brown



    Summary for Tropical Depression NINE (AT4/AL092014)- ...TROPICAL DEPRESSION FORMS OVER THE BAY OF CAMPECHE... ...TROPICAL STORM WARNING ISSUED... As of 10:00 PM CDT Tue Oct 21 the center of NINE was located near 19.4, -92.9 with movement E at 6 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1000 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 35 mph.

    Tropical Depression NINE Public Advisory Number 1-Issued at 1000 PM CDT TUE OCT 21 2014
    
    000
    WTNT34 KNHC 220255
    TCPAT4
    
    BULLETIN
    TROPICAL DEPRESSION NINE ADVISORY NUMBER   1
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL092014
    1000 PM CDT TUE OCT 21 2014
    
    ...TROPICAL DEPRESSION FORMS OVER THE BAY OF CAMPECHE...
    ...TROPICAL STORM WARNING ISSUED...
    
    
    SUMMARY OF 1000 PM CDT...0300 UTC...INFORMATION
    -----------------------------------------------
    LOCATION...19.4N 92.9W
    ABOUT 160 MI...255 KM WSW OF CAMPECHE MEXICO
    MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...35 MPH...55 KM/H
    PRESENT MOVEMENT...E OR 90 DEGREES AT 6 MPH...9 KM/H
    MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1000 MB...29.53 INCHES
    
    
    WATCHES AND WARNINGS
    --------------------
    CHANGES WITH THIS ADVISORY...
    
    THE GOVERNMENT OF MEXICO HAS ISSUED A TROPICAL STORM WARNING FROM
    CELESTUN TO FRONTERA.
    
    SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT...
    
    A TROPICAL STORM WARNING IS IN EFFECT FOR...
    * CELESTUN TO FRONTERA
    
    A TROPICAL STORM WARNING MEANS THAT TROPICAL STORM CONDITIONS ARE
    EXPECTED SOMEWHERE WITHIN THE WARNING AREA...IN THIS CASE WITHIN
    THE NEXT 24 TO 36 HOURS.
    
    FOR STORM INFORMATION SPECIFIC TO YOUR AREA...PLEASE MONITOR
    PRODUCTS ISSUED BY YOUR NATIONAL METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE.
    
    
    DISCUSSION AND 48-HOUR OUTLOOK
    ------------------------------
    AT 1000 PM EDT...0300 UTC...THE CENTER OF TROPICAL DEPRESSION NINE
    WAS LOCATED NEAR LATITUDE 19.4 NORTH...LONGITUDE 92.9 WEST. THE
    DEPRESSION IS MOVING TOWARD THE EAST NEAR 6 MPH...9 KM/H...AND THIS
    GENERAL MOTION IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE DURING THE NEXT COUPLE OF
    DAYS.  ON THE FORECAST TRACK...THE DEPRESSION IS EXPECTED TO
    APPROACH THE COAST OF THE MEXICAN STATE OF CAMPECHE LATE
    WEDNESDAY OR WEDNESDAY NIGHT.
    
    MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS ARE NEAR 35 MPH...55 KM/H...WITH HIGHER
    GUSTS.  STRENGTHENING IS EXPECTED AND THE DEPRESSION IS FORECAST TO
    BECOME A TROPICAL STORM TONIGHT OR WEDNESDAY.
    
    THE ESTIMATED MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE IS 1000 MB...29.53 INCHES.
    
    
    HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
    ----------------------
    RAINFALL...THE DEPRESSION IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE TOTAL RAINFALL
    ACCUMULATIONS OF 5 TO 10 INCHES ACROSS THE YUCATAN PENINSULA OF
    MEXICO... WITH MAXIMUM TOTALS OF 15 INCHES POSSIBLE.   THESE
    RAINFALL AMOUNTS MAY PRODUCE LIFE THREATENING FLASH FLOODS.
    
    WIND...TROPICAL STORM CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO BEGIN IN PORTIONS
    OF THE WARNING AREA BY WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON.
    
    
    NEXT ADVISORY
    -------------
    NEXT INTERMEDIATE ADVISORY...100 AM CDT.
    NEXT COMPLETE ADVISORY...400 AM CDT.
    
    $$
    FORECASTER BROWN
    
    
    


    Tropical Depression NINE Forecast Advisory Number 1-Issued at 0300 UTC WED OCT 22 2014
    
    000
    WTNT24 KNHC 220254
    TCMAT4
    
    TROPICAL DEPRESSION NINE FORECAST/ADVISORY NUMBER   1
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL092014
    0300 UTC WED OCT 22 2014
    
    CHANGES IN WATCHES AND WARNINGS WITH THIS ADVISORY...
    
    THE GOVERNMENT OF MEXICO HAS ISSUED A TROPICAL STORM WARNING FROM
    CELESTUN TO FRONTERA.
    
    SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT...
    
    A TROPICAL STORM WARNING IS IN EFFECT FOR...
    * CELESTUN TO FRONTERA
    
    A TROPICAL STORM WARNING MEANS THAT TROPICAL STORM CONDITIONS ARE
    EXPECTED SOMEWHERE WITHIN THE WARNING AREA...IN THIS CASE WITHIN
    THE NEXT 24 TO 36 HOURS.
    
    TROPICAL DEPRESSION CENTER LOCATED NEAR 19.4N  92.9W AT 22/0300Z
    POSITION ACCURATE WITHIN  20 NM
    
    PRESENT MOVEMENT TOWARD THE EAST OR  90 DEGREES AT   5 KT
    
    ESTIMATED MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE 1000 MB
    MAX SUSTAINED WINDS  30 KT WITH GUSTS TO  40 KT.
    WINDS AND SEAS VARY GREATLY IN EACH QUADRANT.  RADII IN NAUTICAL
    MILES ARE THE LARGEST RADII EXPECTED ANYWHERE IN THAT QUADRANT.
    
    REPEAT...CENTER LOCATED NEAR 19.4N  92.9W AT 22/0300Z
    AT 22/0000Z CENTER WAS LOCATED NEAR 19.4N  93.2W
    
    FORECAST VALID 22/1200Z 19.4N  92.1W
    MAX WIND  40 KT...GUSTS  50 KT.
    34 KT... 30NE  30SE  20SW  20NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 23/0000Z 19.4N  91.0W
    MAX WIND  45 KT...GUSTS  55 KT.
    34 KT... 40NE  40SE  30SW  30NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 23/1200Z 19.4N  90.0W
    MAX WIND  35 KT...GUSTS  45 KT.
    34 KT... 30NE  30SE   0SW  20NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 24/0000Z 19.4N  88.9W
    MAX WIND  30 KT...GUSTS  40 KT.
    
    FORECAST VALID 25/0000Z 19.0N  86.6W
    MAX WIND  30 KT...GUSTS  40 KT.
    
    EXTENDED OUTLOOK. NOTE...ERRORS FOR TRACK HAVE AVERAGED NEAR 150 NM
    ON DAY 4 AND 200 NM ON DAY 5...AND FOR INTENSITY NEAR 15 KT EACH DAY
    
    OUTLOOK VALID 26/0000Z 18.5N  84.5W...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
    MAX WIND  30 KT...GUSTS  40 KT.
    
    OUTLOOK VALID 27/0000Z 18.5N  83.0W...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
    MAX WIND  30 KT...GUSTS  40 KT.
    
    REQUEST FOR 3 HOURLY SHIP REPORTS WITHIN 300 MILES OF 19.4N  92.9W
    
    NEXT ADVISORY AT 22/0900Z
    
    $$
    FORECASTER BROWN
    
    
    
    


    Tropical Depression NINE Forecast Discussion Number 1-Issued at 1000 PM CDT TUE OCT 21 2014
    
    000
    WTNT44 KNHC 220301
    TCDAT4
    
    TROPICAL DEPRESSION NINE DISCUSSION NUMBER   1
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL092014
    1000 PM CDT TUE OCT 21 2014
    
    Satellite and radar data from Mexico indicate that deep convection
    associated with the small well-defined low pressure area over the
    Bay of Campeche has become organized in bands over the eastern and
    northern portions of the circulation during the past few hours.
    Thus the low is being designated as a tropical depression.  Earlier
    aircraft data supported winds around 30 kt.  The depression is over
    warm water and moderate southwesterly shear that has been over the
    system is forecast to decrease during the next 24 hours.  This
    should allow for some strengthening and the depression is expected
    to to become a overnight or early Wednesday.  The cyclone should
    weaken after it moves over the Yucatan Peninsula Wednesday night.
    If the small cyclone survives the passage across the Yucatan
    Peninsula, drier air and interaction with a frontal system is likely
    to prevent strengthening.  The NHC forecasts calls for degeneration
    to a remnant low in 4 or 5 days, but this could occur much sooner.
    
    The depression is moving eastward at about 5 kt.  This general
    motion is expected to continue during the next 24 hours and the
    cyclone is forecast to reach the west coast of the Yucatan
    Peninsula late tomorrow or tomorrow night.  After that time, the
    track forecast becomes much more uncertain since the small system is
    likely to interact with a developing non-tropical low pressure over
    the southeastern Gulf of Mexico.  The ECMWF shows the tropical
    cyclone merging with the frontal system, while the GFS keeps the
    depression a separate system.  For now, the NHC forecast shows a
    weak low pressure area over the northwestern Caribbean Sea in 4 to 5
    days.
    
    FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS
    
    INIT  22/0300Z 19.4N  92.9W   30 KT  35 MPH
     12H  22/1200Z 19.4N  92.1W   40 KT  45 MPH
     24H  23/0000Z 19.4N  91.0W   45 KT  50 MPH
     36H  23/1200Z 19.4N  90.0W   35 KT  40 MPH
     48H  24/0000Z 19.4N  88.9W   30 KT  35 MPH
     72H  25/0000Z 19.0N  86.6W   30 KT  35 MPH
     96H  26/0000Z 18.5N  84.5W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
    120H  27/0000Z 18.5N  83.0W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
    
    $$
    Forecaster Brown
    
    
    


    Tropical Depression NINE Wind Speed Probabilities Number 1-Issued at 0300 UTC WED OCT 22 2014
    
    000
    FONT14 KNHC 220255
    PWSAT4
                                                                        
    TROPICAL DEPRESSION NINE WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES NUMBER   1        
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL092014               
    0300 UTC WED OCT 22 2014                                            
                                                                        
    AT 0300Z THE CENTER OF TROPICAL DEPRESSION NINE WAS LOCATED NEAR    
    LATITUDE 19.4 NORTH...LONGITUDE 92.9 WEST WITH MAXIMUM SUSTAINED    
    WINDS NEAR 30 KTS...35 MPH...55 KM/H.                               
                                                                        
    Z INDICATES COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME (GREENWICH)                  
       ATLANTIC STANDARD TIME (AST)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
       EASTERN  DAYLIGHT TIME (EDT)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
       CENTRAL  DAYLIGHT TIME (CDT)...SUBTRACT 5 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
                                                                        
    WIND SPEED PROBABILITY TABLE FOR SPECIFIC LOCATIONS                 
                                                                        
    CHANCES OF SUSTAINED (1-MINUTE AVERAGE) WIND SPEEDS OF AT LEAST     
       ...34 KT (39 MPH... 63 KM/H)...                                  
       ...50 KT (58 MPH... 93 KM/H)...                                  
       ...64 KT (74 MPH...119 KM/H)...                                  
    FOR LOCATIONS AND TIME PERIODS DURING THE NEXT 5 DAYS               
                                                                        
    PROBABILITIES FOR LOCATIONS ARE GIVEN AS OP(CP) WHERE               
        OP  IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT BEGINNING DURING            
            AN INDIVIDUAL TIME PERIOD (ONSET PROBABILITY)               
       (CP) IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT OCCURRING BETWEEN           
            00Z WED AND THE FORECAST HOUR (CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY)      
                                                                        
    PROBABILITIES ARE GIVEN IN PERCENT                                  
    X INDICATES PROBABILITIES LESS THAN 1 PERCENT                       
    PROBABILITIES FOR 34 KT AND 50 KT ARE SHOWN AT A GIVEN LOCATION WHEN
    THE 5-DAY CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 3 PERCENT.             
    PROBABILITIES FOR 64 KT ARE SHOWN WHEN THE 5-DAY CUMULATIVE         
    PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 1 PERCENT.                                  
                                                                        
                                                                        
      - - - - WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES FOR SELECTED LOCATIONS - - - -   
                                                                        
                   FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM 
      TIME       00Z WED 12Z WED 00Z THU 12Z THU 00Z FRI 00Z SAT 00Z SUN
    PERIODS         TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO  
                 12Z WED 00Z THU 12Z THU 00Z FRI 00Z SAT 00Z SUN 00Z MON
                                                                        
    FORECAST HOUR    (12)   (24)    (36)    (48)    (72)    (96)   (120)
    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
    LOCATION       KT                                                   
                                                                        
    FRONTERA MX    34 22   4(26)   X(26)   X(26)   X(26)   X(26)   X(26)
     
    MERIDA MX      34  X   3( 3)   5( 8)   2(10)   2(12)   X(12)   1(13)
     
    COZUMEL MX     34  X   1( 1)   1( 2)   2( 4)  11(15)   2(17)   1(18)
    COZUMEL MX     50  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)   X( 3)   X( 3)
     
    BELIZE         34  X   2( 2)   1( 3)   4( 7)   6(13)   1(14)   1(15)
     
    PUERTO BARRIOS 34  X   1( 1)   1( 2)   1( 3)   2( 5)   X( 5)   1( 6)
     
    GUANAJA        34  X   X( X)   X( X)   2( 2)   5( 7)   3(10)   1(11)
     
    CP SAN ANTONIO 34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   3( 3)   2( 5)   1( 6)
     
    ISLE OF PINES  34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   1( 1)   1( 2)   3( 5)
     
    GRAND CAYMAN   34  X   X( X)   X( X)   X( X)   1( 1)   2( 3)   3( 6)
     
    $$                                                                  
    FORECASTER BROWN                                                    
    
    


    Tropical Depression NINE Graphics- Tropical Depression NINE 5-Day Uncertainty Track Image
    5-Day Uncertainty Track last updated Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:56:37 GMT

    Tropical Depression NINE 34-Knot Wind Speed Probabilities
    Wind Speed Probabilities last updated Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:04:44 GMT
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    The hurricane and tropical cyclone information displayed here is based on the latest NOAA, NHC, NASA and other official reports received here and may or may not be the most current forecast available from these official forecasting agencies. We attempt to keep everything current, but remember to use this as a supplement to official sources. This information is for the general public's viewing, but Hurricane.com is not responsible for its ultimate use in the forecasting of tropical cyclones and/or the use of public watches/warnings. Customers should confirm these prognostications with official sources (see our links section) and follow local recommendations. Our advice is to always plan for the worst and get out of the way of a storm! Use of this site constitutes acceptance of these terms. One should always rely on OFFICIAL SOURCES. Email can be delayed or not delivered, servers may not be available 24 hours per day, seven days a week. Official forecasts are available via NOAA Weather Radio, NOAA Weather Wire, NOAAPORT, your local National Weather Service office and more. Use of information is at your own risk and can not be guaranteed.Please note that data and material from the National Hurricane Center and the NOAA is not subject to copyright.