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Hurricane.com since 1994

When a storm threatens, what should you do? Hurricane preparedness is merely a matter of planning ahead. Hurricane threats come in many forms, including storm surge, high winds, tornadoes, and flooding.

Helpful Links

Standby Generators - from whole house to portable generators
Emergency Supplies - supplies you could need in a hurricane
Hurricane Shutters - shutters to protect your home
Hurricane Lamps - hurricane lamps

Before the Hurricane Season Begins

Develop a plan. Know your homes vulnerability to the threats above - surge, wind, and flooding. Check your supplies - water, batteries, food. For information on developing a Hurricane Supply kit, see our page on that topic. Know where you can evacuate to - friends, relatives, a hotel?

Know when to take action - Watch vs Warning

WATCH: Hurricane conditions are possible in the specified area of the WATCH, usually within 36 hours.
WARNING: Hurricane conditions are expected in the specified area of the WARNING, usually within 24 hours. Remember that there is no such thing as a "minor hurricane." Category 1 and 2 hurricanes still can do significant damage.

Prepare before a Watch or Warning is issued and be ready to evacuate when the Watch comes or earlier if so instructed.

An Approaching Storm

As a storm approaches, you should prepare your house and your yard. Some things to consider:

  • Turn down the temperature on your freezer and refrigerator as low as possible. This will buy you more time in the event of a power loss. 24 to 48 hours before will cool the food. Avoid opening them whenever possible. If you are evacuating, probably unnecessary.
  • Before you evacuate, call at least one person out of state to let them know your plans.
  • Ensure that your Hurricane Emergency Kit is fully stocked.
  • Charge electronic devices, for example, computers, cell phones, rechargeable batteries, razors, and the like.
  • Make extra ice, bag it - this will be useful to use and to keep the freezer cold.
  • Do the same with your home air conditioner. It gets very hot and very humid very quickly. If you are evacuating, this is not necessary.
  • If you have a generator, do NOT run it inside or near the house. But make sure you have fuel to run it.
  • Make sure your car has fuel.
  • Pick up yard debris - furniture, tools, decorative items, branches - anything loose that could become a missile. We have placed furniture in the pool upon occasion.
  • Secure boats, trailers, campers, RVs, and the like in the safest place you can find. Tie them down, anchor them, or however you can best secure them. But, take into account that there may be a storm surge.
  • Secure all doors and windows with locks, and shutters if available. Plywood, properly secured, can be effective. Don't forget your garage doors.
  • Move items that may be damaged by water to higher areas of your home if you can not take them with you if evacuating. Move them away from windows in case they are broken.
  • Huge items must even be secured in big storms. An engine block was found 40 or 50 feet up in a pine tree in the Homestead (actually Redlands) area after Andrew. Don't think that something is too big to be moved by the wind.
  • Re-check tie-downs.
  • Bring cars, bikes, scooters and anything like that into your garage if possible.
  • Bring in grills or other cooking items.
  • Bring in hoses, trash cans, hot tub covers, wind-chimes, plants.
  • Caulk and fill bathtubs - extra water comes in handy for toilets and more..
  • It may sound strange, but do your laundry, dishes, and take a shower. Why? Because if you lose power, having as much clean as possible will make a big difference.
  • Check if your pool pump should be on or off.
  • Close and fasten gates so they don't swing.
  • Close chimney flues.
  • Close/latch inside doors and cabinets.

     

    If you have time, help your neighbors. Debris in their yards can easily impact your home and yard.

    During a storm.


  • Stay inside, away from windows
  • Be alert for tornadoes
  • Stay away from flood waters and storm surge. It can be deceptively strong.
  • Be aware of the eye. It may be calm, but winds can and will pick up quickly and could catch you outside.
  • Un-plug electronic devices that are not in use to avoid surge damage. This is less likely that during afternoon thunderstorms because lightening is rare in a hurricane, but it is better to be safe.
  • After a Storm

  • Know power safety - avoid downed lines
  • Know food safety - what is good and for how long.
  • Chain saw safety is critical
  • Generator safety is important too
  • Water treatment - whether water needs to be boiled or not.
  • Listen to local officials
  • Use flashlights instead of candles
  • Inspect your home for damage.
  • Stay off roads as much as possible
  • You may need to super-chlorinate your pool
  • Boat Prep

    1. Move life jackets and first aid kits to house
    2. Remove cushions and lose items (e.g. boat tops) and move to garage
    3. Anchor hatch covers
    4. Move to maximum davit height, fasten cables
    5. Unplug davits/lifts
    6. Turn off outside electricity to davits
    7. For our Boston Whaler: put in main plug on boat (take out other plugs)
    8. Tighten down davit locks
    9. Tie down boat with dock lines

    Hurricane & Tropical Storm

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    Advisory


    NHC Atlantic

    Active tropical cyclones in the Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico

    Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook-
    000
    ABNT20 KNHC 301132
    TWOAT

    TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
    800 AM EDT SUN AUG 30 2015

    For the North Atlantic...Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

    The National Hurricane Center is issuing advisories on recently
    upgraded Tropical Storm Fred, located a few hundred miles
    east-southeast of the southernmost Cape Verde Islands in the far
    eastern Atlantic Ocean.

    A trough of low pressure associated with the remnants of Erika is
    producing areas of heavy rain over portions of south Florida, the
    Florida Keys, and Cuba. Although there are no signs of
    redevelopment at this time, upper-level winds could become
    marginally favorable for tropical cyclone formation over the next
    day or so. Regardless of this system's prospects for regeneration,
    locally heavy rains and gusty winds are expected to spread
    northwestward and then northward across Florida and the eastern Gulf
    of Mexico later today and Monday. Additional information on this
    system can be found in marine forecasts and local forecast products
    issued by the National Weather Service and the meteorological
    service of Cuba.
    * Formation chance through 48 hours...low...20 percent
    * Formation chance through 5 days...low...30 percent

    &&

    Public Advisories on Tropical Storm Fred are issued under WMO
    header WTNT31 KNHC and under AWIPS header MIATCPAT1.
    Forecast/Advisories on Tropical Storm Fred are issued under WMO
    header WTNT21 KNHC and under AWIPS header MIATCMAT1.

    $$
    Forecaster Cangialosi


    Summary for Tropical Storm FRED (AT1/AL062015)- ...FRED STRENGTHENING... ...HURRICANE WARNING ISSUED FOR THE CAPE VERDE ISLANDS... As of 11:00 AM AST Sun Aug 30 the center of FRED was located near 13.4, -19.9 with movement NW at 12 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1003 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 50 mph.

    Tropical Storm FRED Public Advisory Number 3-Issued at 1100 AM AST SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    000
    WTNT31 KNHC 301502
    TCPAT1
    
    BULLETIN
    TROPICAL STORM FRED ADVISORY NUMBER   3
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL062015
    1100 AM AST SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    ...FRED STRENGTHENING...
    ...HURRICANE WARNING ISSUED FOR THE CAPE VERDE ISLANDS...
    
    
    SUMMARY OF 1100 AM AST...1500 UTC...INFORMATION
    -----------------------------------------------
    LOCATION...13.4N 19.9W
    ABOUT 260 MI...420 KM ESE OF PRAIA IN THE CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
    MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS...50 MPH...85 KM/H
    PRESENT MOVEMENT...NW OR 310 DEGREES AT 12 MPH...19 KM/H
    MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE...1003 MB...29.62 INCHES
    
    
    WATCHES AND WARNINGS
    --------------------
    CHANGES WITH THIS ADVISORY:
    
    The Meteorological Service of the Cape Verde Islands has issued a
    Hurricane Warning for the Cape Verde Islands. This replaces the
    Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch that were previously in
    effect.
    
    SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT:
    A Hurricane Warning is in effect for...
    * Cape Verde Islands
    
    A Hurricane Warning means that hurricane conditions are expected
    somewhere within the warning area, in this case within the next 24
    hours.  Preparations to protect life and property should be rushed
    to completion.
    
    For storm information specific to your area, please monitor
    products issued by your national meteorological service.
    
    
    DISCUSSION AND 48-HOUR OUTLOOK
    ------------------------------
    At 1100 AM AST (1500 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Fred was
    located near latitude 13.4 North, longitude 19.9 West. Fred is
    moving toward the northwest near 12 mph (19 km/h) and this general
    motion is expected to continue through Tuesday.  On the forecast
    track, the center of Fred is expected to move through the Cape Verde
    Islands on Monday through early Tuesday.
    
    Maximum sustained winds have increased to near 50 mph (85 km/h)
    with higher gusts.  Additional strengthening is expected during the
    next day or so, and Fred is forecast to become a hurricane before
    reaching the Cape Verde Islands on Monday.
    
    Tropical storm force winds extend outward up to 60 miles (95 km)
    from the center.
    
    The estimated minimum central pressure is 1003 mb (29.62 inches).
    
    
    HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
    ----------------------
    WIND:  Tropical storm conditions are expected to first reach
    the coast within the warning area by early Monday.  Hurricane
    conditions are expected within a portion of the warning area by
    Monday afternoon.
    
    STORM SURGE:  A storm surge is expected to produce coastal flooding
    in areas of onshore winds in the Cape Verde Islands.  Near the
    coast, the surge will be accompanied by large and dangerous waves.
    
    RAINFALL:  Fred is expected to produce total rain accumulations of
    3 to 5 inches over the Cape Verde Islands, with possible isolated
    maximum amounts of 8 inches on Monday. These rains could produce
    life-threatening flash flooding and mudslides.
    
    
    NEXT ADVISORY
    -------------
    Next intermediate advisory at 200 PM AST.
    Next complete advisory at 500 PM AST.
    
    $$
    Forecaster Brown
    
    


    Tropical Storm FRED Forecast Advisory Number 3-Issued at 1500 UTC SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    000
    WTNT21 KNHC 301447
    TCMAT1
    
    TROPICAL STORM FRED FORECAST/ADVISORY NUMBER   3
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL062015
    1500 UTC SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    CHANGES IN WATCHES AND WARNINGS WITH THIS ADVISORY...
    
    THE METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE OF THE CAPE VERDE ISLANDS HAS ISSUED A
    HURRICANE WARNING FOR THE CAPE VERDE ISLANDS. THIS REPLACES THE
    TROPICAL STORM WARNING AND HURRICANE WATCH THAT WERE PREVIOUSLY IN
    EFFECT.
    
    SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT...
    A HURRICANE WARNING IS IN EFFECT FOR...
    * CAPE VERDE ISLANDS
    
    A HURRICANE WARNING MEANS THAT HURRICANE CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED
    SOMEWHERE WITHIN THE WARNING AREA...IN THIS CASE WITHIN THE NEXT 24
    HOURS.  PREPARATIONS TO PROTECT LIFE AND PROPERTY SHOULD BE RUSHED
    TO COMPLETION.
    
    TROPICAL STORM CENTER LOCATED NEAR 13.4N  19.9W AT 30/1500Z
    POSITION ACCURATE WITHIN  15 NM
    
    PRESENT MOVEMENT TOWARD THE NORTHWEST OR 310 DEGREES AT  10 KT
    
    ESTIMATED MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE 1003 MB
    MAX SUSTAINED WINDS  45 KT WITH GUSTS TO  55 KT.
    34 KT....... 50NE  50SE   0SW  30NW.
    12 FT SEAS.. 60NE  60SE  30SW  60NW.
    WINDS AND SEAS VARY GREATLY IN EACH QUADRANT.  RADII IN NAUTICAL
    MILES ARE THE LARGEST RADII EXPECTED ANYWHERE IN THAT QUADRANT.
    
    REPEAT...CENTER LOCATED NEAR 13.4N  19.9W AT 30/1500Z
    AT 30/1200Z CENTER WAS LOCATED NEAR 13.1N  19.5W
    
    FORECAST VALID 31/0000Z 14.3N  21.3W
    MAX WIND  55 KT...GUSTS  65 KT.
    50 KT... 30NE  30SE   0SW  20NW.
    34 KT... 60NE  60SE  20SW  40NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 31/1200Z 15.7N  23.1W
    MAX WIND  65 KT...GUSTS  80 KT.
    64 KT... 15NE  15SE   0SW  15NW.
    50 KT... 30NE  30SE  20SW  30NW.
    34 KT... 70NE  70SE  30SW  50NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 01/0000Z 17.2N  25.1W
    MAX WIND  65 KT...GUSTS  80 KT.
    64 KT... 15NE  15SE   0SW  15NW.
    50 KT... 30NE  30SE  20SW  30NW.
    34 KT... 70NE  70SE  30SW  50NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 01/1200Z 18.3N  27.1W
    MAX WIND  65 KT...GUSTS  80 KT.
    50 KT... 30NE  30SE  20SW  30NW.
    34 KT... 70NE  70SE  30SW  50NW.
    
    FORECAST VALID 02/1200Z 19.5N  31.5W
    MAX WIND  55 KT...GUSTS  65 KT.
    50 KT... 30NE  30SE  20SW  30NW.
    34 KT... 70NE  70SE  30SW  50NW.
    
    EXTENDED OUTLOOK. NOTE...ERRORS FOR TRACK HAVE AVERAGED NEAR 150 NM
    ON DAY 4 AND 200 NM ON DAY 5...AND FOR INTENSITY NEAR 15 KT EACH DAY
    
    OUTLOOK VALID 03/1200Z 20.5N  35.5W
    MAX WIND  45 KT...GUSTS  55 KT.
    
    OUTLOOK VALID 04/1200Z 21.0N  39.5W
    MAX WIND  40 KT...GUSTS  50 KT.
    
    REQUEST FOR 3 HOURLY SHIP REPORTS WITHIN 300 MILES OF 13.4N  19.9W
    
    NEXT ADVISORY AT 30/2100Z
    
    $$
    FORECASTER BROWN
    
    
    


    Tropical Storm FRED Forecast Discussion Number 3-Issued at 1100 AM AST SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    000
    WTNT41 KNHC 301450
    TCDAT1
    
    TROPICAL STORM FRED DISCUSSION NUMBER   3
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL062015
    1100 AM AST SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    Visible satellite imagery indicates that convection associated
    with the tropical cyclone continues to organize.  A curved band of
    convection now wraps almost completely around the center and recent
    images show that a small CDO feature has developed. An earlier
    WindSat microwave overpass also revealed a well-defined inner core.
    Dvorak T-numbers from TAFB and UW/CIMSS are around 3.0, and based on
    these the initial intensity is raised to 45 kt.
    
    The environment ahead of Fred appears conducive for strengthening
    during the next 24 to 36 hours.  During that time, there will
    be sufficient mid-level moisture, the shear is expected to remain
    low, and the cyclone will be traversing sea surface temperatures
    of 27 to 28C.  Therefore, steady strengthening is anticipated and
    the SHIPS and LGEM models bring Fred to hurricane status within
    24 hours.  Strengthening is also supported by the GFS and ECMWF
    models, which both show the cyclone deepening while it moves through
    the Cape Verde Islands.  After 36 hours, lower sea surface
    temperatures, increasing southwesterly shear, and a more stable
    environment should cause weakening.
    
    Fred is moving northwestward at about 11 kt. The tropical storm is
    forecast to move northwestward toward a break in the subtropical
    ridge to the north of the Cape Verde Islands.  In a couple of days,
    the ridge is forecast to build westward, which should cause Fred to
    turn west-northwestward.  As Fred weakens and become a more shallow
    cyclone late in the period, a westward to west-northwestward
    motion is expected.  The NHC track is near the consensus of the
    ECMWF and GFS models through 72 hours.  Later in the period, the NHC
    forecast shows a weaker system moving more westward, and this track
    is along the southern edge of the guidance in best agreement with
    the ECMWF.
    
    Based on this track and intensity forecast, the Meteorological
    Service of the Cape Verde Islands has issued a Hurricane Warning
    for those islands.
    
    Please note that the track/cone graphic, an automatically generated
    product, does not have the capability of displaying warnings for the
    Cape Verde Islands.
    
    FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS
    
    INIT  30/1500Z 13.4N  19.9W   45 KT  50 MPH
     12H  31/0000Z 14.3N  21.3W   55 KT  65 MPH
     24H  31/1200Z 15.7N  23.1W   65 KT  75 MPH
     36H  01/0000Z 17.2N  25.1W   65 KT  75 MPH
     48H  01/1200Z 18.3N  27.1W   65 KT  75 MPH
     72H  02/1200Z 19.5N  31.5W   55 KT  65 MPH
     96H  03/1200Z 20.5N  35.5W   45 KT  50 MPH
    120H  04/1200Z 21.0N  39.5W   40 KT  45 MPH
    
    $$
    Forecaster Brown
    
    


    Tropical Storm FRED Wind Speed Probabilities Number 3-Issued at 1500 UTC SUN AUG 30 2015
    
    000
    FONT11 KNHC 301447
    PWSAT1
                                                                        
    TROPICAL STORM FRED WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES NUMBER   3             
    NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL062015               
    1500 UTC SUN AUG 30 2015                                            
                                                                        
    AT 1500Z THE CENTER OF TROPICAL STORM FRED WAS LOCATED NEAR LATITUDE
    13.4 NORTH...LONGITUDE 19.9 WEST WITH MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS NEAR  
    45 KTS...50 MPH...85 KM/H.                                          
                                                                        
    Z INDICATES COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME (GREENWICH)                  
       ATLANTIC STANDARD TIME (AST)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
       EASTERN  DAYLIGHT TIME (EDT)...SUBTRACT 4 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
       CENTRAL  DAYLIGHT TIME (CDT)...SUBTRACT 5 HOURS FROM Z TIME      
                                                                        
    WIND SPEED PROBABILITY TABLE FOR SPECIFIC LOCATIONS                 
                                                                        
    CHANCES OF SUSTAINED (1-MINUTE AVERAGE) WIND SPEEDS OF AT LEAST     
       ...34 KT (39 MPH... 63 KM/H)...                                  
       ...50 KT (58 MPH... 93 KM/H)...                                  
       ...64 KT (74 MPH...119 KM/H)...                                  
    FOR LOCATIONS AND TIME PERIODS DURING THE NEXT 5 DAYS               
                                                                        
    PROBABILITIES FOR LOCATIONS ARE GIVEN AS OP(CP) WHERE               
        OP  IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT BEGINNING DURING            
            AN INDIVIDUAL TIME PERIOD (ONSET PROBABILITY)               
       (CP) IS THE PROBABILITY OF THE EVENT OCCURRING BETWEEN           
            12Z SUN AND THE FORECAST HOUR (CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY)      
                                                                        
    PROBABILITIES ARE GIVEN IN PERCENT                                  
    X INDICATES PROBABILITIES LESS THAN 1 PERCENT                       
    PROBABILITIES FOR 34 KT AND 50 KT ARE SHOWN AT A GIVEN LOCATION WHEN
    THE 5-DAY CUMULATIVE PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 3 PERCENT.             
    PROBABILITIES FOR 64 KT ARE SHOWN WHEN THE 5-DAY CUMULATIVE         
    PROBABILITY IS AT LEAST 1 PERCENT.                                  
                                                                        
                                                                        
      - - - - WIND SPEED PROBABILITIES FOR SELECTED LOCATIONS - - - -   
                                                                        
                   FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM    FROM 
      TIME       12Z SUN 00Z MON 12Z MON 00Z TUE 12Z TUE 12Z WED 12Z THU
    PERIODS         TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO      TO  
                 00Z MON 12Z MON 00Z TUE 12Z TUE 12Z WED 12Z THU 12Z FRI
                                                                        
    FORECAST HOUR    (12)   (24)    (36)    (48)    (72)    (96)   (120)
    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
    LOCATION       KT                                                   
                                                                        
    $$                                                                  
    FORECASTER BROWN                                                    
    


    Tropical Storm FRED Graphics- Tropical Storm FRED 5-Day Uncertainty Track Image
    5-Day Uncertainty Track last updated Sun, 30 Aug 2015 14:48:44 GMT

    Tropical Storm FRED 34-Knot Wind Speed Probabilities
    Wind Speed Probabilities last updated Sun, 30 Aug 2015 15:06:47 GMT
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